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Pride And PrejudiceAnd Zombies: Q is for Quarry. Reading Lolita in Tehran. Roll of Thunder, Hear My Cry. Romance of the Three Kingdoms. Seasons of Migration to the North. Secret Life of Bees. She Came to Stay. TheAdventure of theAncient Gods. Sherlock Holmes's War of the Worlds. Beyond the Kingdom of Xia. Snow FlowerAnd the Secret Fan. Francesco Pucci — 5 July was an Italian philosopher and humanist. Francis bin Fathallah bin Nasrallah Marrash Arabic: Francisco Cascales — was a Spanish erudite, humanist and writer.
Francisco de Figueroa — was a Spanish poet best known for his love sonnets and his bilingual compositions in Spanish and Italian. Franz Uri Boas July 9, December 21, was a German-American anthropologist and a pioneer of modern anthropology who has been called the "Father of American Anthropology". Frederick James Gould 19 December — 6 April was an English teacher, writer, and pioneer secular humanist. Freethought or "free thought" is a philosophical viewpoint which holds that positions regarding truth should be formed on the basis of logic, reason, and empiricism, rather than authority, tradition, revelation, or dogma.
The French Renaissance was the cultural and artistic movement in France between the 15th and early 17th centuries. Friedrich Dedekind — February 27, was a German humanist, theologian, and bookseller. Friedrich Heinrich Feuerbach 29 September — 24 January was a German philologist and philosopher. Friedrich Philipp Immanuel Niethammer 6 March — 1 April , later Ritter von Niethammer, was a German theologian, philosopher and Lutheran educational reformer.
Solmsen February 4, — January 30, was a philologist and professor of classical studies. In architecture, functionalism is the principle that buildings should be designed based solely on the purpose and function of the building. Lucila Godoy Alcayaga 7 April — 10 January , known by her pseudonym Gabriela Mistral, was a Chilean poet-diplomat, educator and humanist. Gary Devore is an archaeologist and author currently affiliated with Stanford University. Fury and his Howling Commandos, and, in the following era, for the series The Monster of Frankenstein and for co-creating the supernatural motorcyclist the Ghost Rider and the supernatural hero the Son of Satan.
Schwartz is a parapsychologist, author and professor at the University of Arizona and the Director of its Laboratory for Advances in Consciousness and Health. Gary Tillery is an American writer and artist known for his biographies focusing on the spiritual lives of famous figures, and for his public sculptures. Eugene Wesley Roddenberry August 19, — October 24, was an American television screenwriter and producer. Geography of media and communication also known as communication geography, media geography and geographies of media is an interdisciplinary research area bringing together human geography with media studies and communication theory.
Mary Anne Evans 22 November — 22 December ; alternatively "Mary Ann" or "Marian" , known by her pen name George Eliot, was an English novelist, poet, journalist, translator, and one of the leading writers of the Victorian era.
George Parkin Grant 13 November — 27 September was a Canadian philosopher and political commentator. George Joseph Hrab born June 8, in Belleville, New Jersey is a drummer, guitarist, composer and podcaster known for performing rock, funk and jazz and for exploring atheist, skeptic and science themes in his work.
Eric Arthur Blair 25 June — 21 January , better known by his pen name George Orwell, was an English novelist, essayist, journalist and critic whose work is marked by lucid prose, awareness of social injustice, opposition to totalitarianism and outspoken support of democratic socialism.
George Rublee was a public-spirited U. The Georgian Golden Age tr describes a historical period in the High Middle Ages, spanning from roughly the late 11th to 13th centuries, during which the Kingdom of Georgia reached the peak of its power and development. Gerardus Mercator 5 March — 2 December was a 16th-century German-Flemish cartographer, geographer and cosmographer.
Geremia da Montagnone d. German resistance to Nazism German: Widerstand gegen den Nationalsozialismus was the opposition by individuals and groups in Germany to the National Socialist regime between and Germano Celant born in Genoa, is an Italian art historian, critic and curator who coined the term "Arte Povera" poor art in and wrote many articles and books on the subject.
Gesneriaceae is a family of flowering plants consisting of about genera and ca. He used his pen-names of Ghalib Urdu: His honorific was Dabir-ul-Mulk, Najm-ud-Daula. During his lifetime the Mughals were eclipsed and displaced by the British and finally deposed following the defeat of the Indian rebellion of , events that he described.
Most notably, he wrote several ghazals during his life, which have since been interpreted and sung in many different ways by different people. Ghalib, the last great poet of the Mughal Era, is considered to be one of the most famous and influential poets of the Urdu language. Today Ghalib remains popular not only in India and Pakistan but also among the Hindustani diaspora around the world. Giovan Battista Vico, 23 June — 23 January was an Italian political philosopher and rhetorician, historian and jurist, of the Age of Enlightenment. Gian Giorgio Trissino 8 July — 8 December , also called Giovan Giorgio Trissino, was an Italian Renaissance humanist, poet, dramatist, diplomat, and grammarian.
Giovanni Boccaccio 16 June — 21 December was an Italian writer, poet, correspondent of Petrarch, and an important Renaissance humanist. Giovanni Francesco Fortunio Zara or Pordenone, ca. Giovanni Gentile 30 May — 15 April was an Italian neo-Hegelian idealist philosopher, educator, and fascist politician. Giovanni Manardo also known as Manardi or Mainardi; Latin: Iohannes Manardus; 24 July — 8 March was an Italian physician, botanist, and humanist.
Giovanni Pico della Mirandola 24 February — 17 November was an Italian Renaissance nobleman and philosopher. The Irish annals record nothing of Giric's reign, nor do Anglo-Saxon writings add anything, and the meagre information which survives is contradictory. Modern historians disagree as to whether Giric was sole king or ruled jointly with Eochaid, on his ancestry, and if he should be considered a Pictish king or the first king of Alba. Although little is now known of Giric, he appears to have been regarded as an important figure in Scotland in the High Middle Ages and the Late Middle Ages.
Girolamo Mei 27 May — July was an Italian historian and humanist, famous in music history for providing the intellectual impetus to the Florentine Camerata, which attempted to revive ancient Greek music drama. Accessed June 9, in Croatian. Global intellectual history is the history of thought in the world across the span of human history, from the invention of writing to the present.
God-Building, an idea proposed by some prominent early Marxists of the Bolshevik faction of the Russian Social Democratic Labour Party, proved very controversial. The Golden Legend Latin: Legenda aurea or Legenda sanctorum is a collection of hagiographies by Blessed Jacobus de Varagine that was widely read in late medieval Europe.
Gopal Hari Deshmukh 18 February — 9 October was an Indian activist, thinker, social reformer and writer from Maharashtra. Gottfried von Strassburg died c. Henry Graham Greene 2 October — 3 April , better known by his pen name Graham Greene, was an English novelist regarded by many as one of the greatest writers of the 20th century. The Great Divergence is a term made popular by Kenneth Pomeranz's book by that title, also known as the European miracle, a term coined by Eric Jones in referring to the process by which the Western world i.
Western Europe and the parts of the New World where its people became the dominant populations overcame pre-modern growth constraints and emerged during the 19th century as the most powerful and wealthy world civilization, eclipsing Medieval India, Qing China, the Islamic World, and Tokugawa Japan. Greek art began in the Cycladic and Minoan civilization, and gave birth to Western classical art in the subsequent Geometric, Archaic and Classical periods with further developments during the Hellenistic Period.
Greek love is a term originally used by classicists to describe the primarily homoerotic, customs, practices and attitudes of the ancient Greeks. Gregorio Goro Dati 15 April — 17 September was a Florentine merchant and diarist best known for the authorship of The Diaries of Gregorio Dati, which represents a major source for the social and economic historians of the Renaissance Florence, alongside the diaries of Buonaccorso Pitti. Popa sometimes Anglicized to Gregor T. Humanism and Grigore T. Guido Cavalcanti between and — August was an Italian poet and troubadour, as well as an intellectual influence on his best friend, Dante Alighieri.
Guity Novin born Guity Navran, is an Iranian-Canadian figurative painter, and graphic designer residing in Canada. Hans Achim Litten 19 June — 5 February was a German lawyer who represented opponents of the Nazis at important political trials between and , defending the rights of workers during the Weimar Republic. Moral Dilemmas in Humanitarian Intervention is a non-fiction compilation book about humanitarianism on the international arena, edited by Jonathan Moore. Harmsworth Popular Science was a fortnightly 14 days series of magazine publications forming an encyclopaedic series of science and technology articles published in the early years of the 20th century, and completed about Harold Allen Ramis November 21, — February 24, was an American actor, director, writer, and comedian.
Harry Martinson 6May February was a Swedish author, poet and former sailor. Hartmann Schedel 13 February — 28 November was a German physician, humanist, historian, and one of the first cartographers to use the printing press. Harun Nasution — was an Indonesian scholar who described himself as a neo-Mutazilite, a modern follower of the medieval movement of the Mutazila.
Hattie Bishop Speed — was a pianist, humanist, and philanthropist who championed music and the arts in Louisville, Kentucky. Hawaii Hawaii is the 50th and most recent state to have joined the United States, having received statehood on August 21, Health geography is the application of geographical information, perspectives, and methods to the study of health, disease, and health care. Health policy can be defined as the "decisions, plans, and actions that are undertaken to achieve specific healthcare goals within a society". Hector Hawton 7 February - 14 December was a British humanist, novelist and rationalist writer.
Henry George September 2, — October 29, was an American political economist and journalist. Heretica was a conservative cultural and literary magazine published in Copenhagen, Denmark, from to Hermann Wilken in Neuenrade — 7 February in Heidelberg , also known as Hermann Witekind and with the pseudonym of Augustin Lercheimer, was a German humanist and mathematician. Hermeneutics is the theory and methodology of interpretation, especially the interpretation of biblical texts, wisdom literature, and philosophical texts.
Hettie Beaman Lakin Shumway September 1, - June 17, was an American philanthropist and humanist during the early and mid twentieth century. Hieronymus Wolf 13 August - 8 October was a sixteenth-century German historian and humanist, most famous for introducing a system of Byzantine historiography that eventually became the standard in works of medieval Greek history.
Historiae Ecclesiasticae Tripartitae Epitome, the abridged history in twelve books of the early Christian Church known as the Tripartite History, was the standard manual of Church history in Medieval Europe. The historiography of Scotland refers to the sources and critical methods used by scholars to come to an understanding of the history of Scotland.
The history of architecture traces the changes in architecture through various traditions, regions, overarching stylistic trends, and dates. The history of Christianity concerns the Christian religion, Christendom, and the Church with its various denominations, from the 1st century to the present.
The history of Christianity during the Middle Ages is the history of Christianity between the Fall of Rome and the onset of the Protestant Reformation during the early 16th century, the development usually taken to mark the beginning of modern Christianity. History of citizenship describes the changing relation between an individual and the state, commonly known as citizenship.
The history of education in Scotland in its modern sense of organised and institutional learning, began in the Middle Ages, when Church choir schools and grammar schools began educating boys. The history of Europe covers the peoples inhabiting Europe from prehistory to the present. European research universities date from the founding of the University of Bologna in or the University of Paris c.
Firenze is a major historical city in Italy, distinguished as one of the most outstanding economic, cultural, political and artistic centres in the Italian peninsula from the Late Middle Ages to the Renaissance. In archaic times, ancient Greeks, Etruscans and Celts established settlements in the south, the centre and the north of Italy respectively, while various Italian tribes and Italic peoples inhabited the Italian peninsula and insular Italy.
The known history of Mauritius begins with its discovery by Arabs, followed by Europeans and its appearance on maps in the early 16th century. The history of painting reaches back in time to artifacts from pre-historic humans, and spans all cultures. The history of philosophy in Poland parallels the evolution of philosophy in Europe in general.
In this time period Polish history covering roughly a millennium, from the 5th century, the way through to the 16th century. The history of popular religion in Scotland includes all forms of religion outwith the formal theology and structures of institutional religion, between the earliest times of human occupation of what is now Scotland and the present day.
Protestantism originated from work of several theologians starting in the 12th century, although there could have been earlier cases of which there is no surviving evidence. The history of religion in the Netherlands has been characterized by considerable diversity of religious thought and practice.
Roman history has been among the most influential to the modern world, from supporting the tradition of the rule by law to influencing the American Founding Fathers to the creation of the Catholic church. The literary genre of science fiction is diverse, and its exact definition remains a contested question among both scholars and devotees. During the Renaissance, great advances occurred in geography, astronomy, chemistry, physics, mathematics, manufacturing, anatomy and engineering. The is known to have begun by the end of the last glacial period in the paleolithic , roughly 10, years ago.
The history of Senegal is commonly divided into a number of periods, encompassing the prehistoric era, the precolonial period, colonialism, and the contemporary era. Seville has been one of the most important cities in Spain since ancient times; the first settlers of the site have been identified with the Tartessian culture.
The history of socialism has its origins in the French Revolution and the changes which it wrought, although it has precedents in earlier movements and ideas. The Czech language developed at the close of the 1st millennium from common West Slavic. The Latin script is the most widely used alphabetic writing system in the world. The history of the world is the history of humanity or human history , as determined from archaeology, anthropology, genetics, linguistics, and other disciplines; and, for periods since the invention of writing, from recorded history and from secondary sources and studies.
The history of universities in Scotland includes the development of all universities and university colleges in Scotland, between their foundation between the fifteenth century and the present day. Contemporary typographers view typography as a craft with a very long history tracing its origins back to the first punches and dies used to make seals and currency in ancient times.
Hivos Humanistisch Instituut voor Ontwikkelingssamenwerking, Humanist Institute for Cooperation with Developing Countries is a development aid organization, headquartered in The Netherlands. The Holberg Suite, Op. Fra Holbergs tid, German , subtitled "Suite in olden style" Suite i gammel stil, German , is a suite of five movements based on eighteenth century dance forms, written by Edvard Grieg in to celebrate the th anniversary of the birth of Dano-Norwegian humanist playwright Ludvig Holberg.
Smith was an American physiologist and science writer. Humanism and Homer W.
A Brief History of Tomorrow Hebrew: Humanism and Homo Deus: The relationship between religion and homosexuality has varied greatly across time and place, within and between different religions and denominations, and regarding different forms of homosexuality and bisexuality. The Hoofdwacht Head Watch, or "Civic guard headquarters" is a historically important rijksmonument.
The House of Medici was an Italian banking family and political dynasty that first began to gather prominence under Cosimo de' Medici in the Republic of Florence during the first half of the 15th century. Howard Adelman born January 7, is a Canadian philosopher and former university professor. Hrotsvitha of Gandersheim Hrotsvitha Gandeshemensis; c. Humanism and Huey P. Humans taxonomically Homo sapiens are the only extant members of the subtribe Hominina.
Human nature is a bundle of fundamental characteristics—including ways of thinking, feeling, and acting—which humans tend to have naturally. Humanism in France found its way from Italy, but did not become a distinct movement until the 16th century was well on its way. The Humanist Association of Ireland HAI is an Irish secular humanist organisation that was founded in to promote Humanism, which they describe as: Humanist Manifesto is the title of three manifestos laying out a Humanist worldview. Wilson, and was intended to update the previous ''Humanist Manifesto'' The Humanist Party Partido Humanista is a progressive left-wing political party in Chile, founded in Humanist Society Singapore is registered in as a society in Singapore for humanists, freethinkers, atheists, agnostics and other like-minded people.
Humanist Society Scotland is a Scottish registered charity that promotes humanist views and offers Humanist ceremonies. Humanist Students is the national umbrella organisation for free-thinking, atheist, humanist and secular student societies in the United Kingdom and Ireland.
The Humanist Union German: Humanistische Union, HU is an association of German citizenship. Humanistic capitalism is a concept that seeks to marry humanism, specifically the safety and health needs of people and the environment, with an embrace of market forces and a market-based economy.
Humanistic education also called person-centered education is an approach to education based on the work of humanistic psychologists, most notably Abraham Maslow and Carl Rogers. Humanistic Judaism Yahdut Humanistit is a Jewish movement that offers a nontheistic alternative in contemporary Jewish life. Humanistic naturalism is the branch of philosophical naturalism wherein human beings are best able to control and understand the world through use of the scientific method, combined with the social and ethical values of humanism.
Humanistic psychology is a psychological perspective that rose to prominence in the midth century in answer to the limitations of Sigmund Freud's psychoanalytic theory and B. Humanistic sociology is a domain of sociology which originated mainly from the work of the University of Chicago Polish philosopher-turned-sociologist, Florian Znaniecki. Humanist Broadcaster is a special broadcaster on the Netherlands Public Broadcasting system, which is allowed to broadcast on radio and television because of their spiritual background.
Humanitarian-political is an ideology that advocates a political standpoint based on a humanitarian perspective. Humanitarianism is an active belief in the value of human life, whereby humans practice benevolent treatment and provide assistance to other humans, in order to better humanity for moral, altruistic and logical reasons.
Humanities are academic disciplines that study aspects of human society and culture. Humberto Fontova born is a Cuban-American author, blogger, political commentator, and conservative polemicist. The Humboldtian model of higher education German: Humboldtian education ideal is a concept of academic education that emerged in the early 19th century and whose core idea is a holistic combination of research and studies. Humphrey Richard Adeane Lyttelton 23 May — 25 April , also known as Humph, was an English jazz musician and broadcaster from the aristocratic Lyttelton family.
The Huxley family is a British family of which several members have excelled in science, medicine, arts, and literature. Idola fori singular Idolum fori , sometimes translated as "Idols of the Market Place" or "Idols of the Forum", are a category of logical fallacy which results from the imperfect correspondences between the word definitions in human languages, and the real things in nature which these words represent.
Igor Torkar was the pen name of Boris Fakin 13 October — 1 January , a Slovenian writer, playwright, and poet best known for his literary descriptions of Communist repression in Yugoslavia after World War II. Ilona Kolonits 17 March in Budapest — 2 August in Budapest was a Hungarian documentary film director and international news correspondent. Stultitiae Laus or Moriae Encomium Greek title: Lof der Zotheid is an essay written in Latin in by Desiderius Erasmus of Rotterdam and first printed in June Inspired by previous works of the Italian humanist De Triumpho Stultitiae, it is a satirical attack on superstitions and other traditions of European society as well as on the Western Church.
Erasmus revised and extended his work, which was originally written in the space of a week while sojourning with Sir Thomas More at More's house in Bucklersbury in the City of London. In Praise of Folly is considered one of the most notable works of the Renaissance and played an important role in the beginnings of the Protestant Reformation.
Incarnational humanism is a brand of humanism which affirms the value and essential goodness of human reason and culture. Humanism is an approach in study, philosophy, or practice that focuses on human values and concerns. This collection of lists of law topics collects the names of topics related to law. Individualism is the moral stance, political philosophy, ideology, or social outlook that emphasizes the moral worth of the individual. Individualist anarchism refers to several traditions of thought within the anarchist movement that emphasize the individual and his or her will over external determinants such as groups, society, traditions, and ideological systems.
The Indo-Pakistani War of was a military confrontation between India and Pakistan that occurred during the liberation war in East Pakistan from 3 December to the fall of Dacca Dhaka on 16 December Influences on Karl Marx are generally thought to have been derived from three sources: German idealist philosophy, French socialism and English and Scottish political economy.
Ingeborg "Inge" von Wangenheim born Berlin 1 July Jacques Maritain, the French Catholic philosopher and author of over 60 books, advocated what he called "Integral Christian Humanism". The integrative milieu model, developed by Kevin F. McCready, is an alternative treatment regime to the medical model of psychiatry for treating people suffering from psychological distress.
Intentional living is any lifestyle based on an individual or group's conscious attempts to live according to their values and beliefs. Interfaith dialogue refers to cooperative, constructive, and positive interaction between people of different religious traditions i. The International Humanist and Ethical Union IHEU is an umbrella organisation of humanist, atheist, rationalist, secular, skeptic, freethought and Ethical Culture organisations worldwide.
International League of Humanists ILH is a non-profit international association of eminent humanists. International legal theory comprises a variety of theoretical and methodological approaches used to explain and analyse the content, formation and effectiveness of public international law and institutions and to suggest improvements.
Intersectionality is an analytic framework which attempts to identify how interlocking systems of power impact those who are most marginalized in society. Humanism and Inventing the Future: Ion Luca Caragiale commonly referred to as I. Caragiale; According to his birth certificate, published and discussed by Constantin Popescu-Cadem in Manuscriptum, Vol. Atheism, agnosticism, deism, scepticism, freethought, secular humanism or general secularism are increasing in Australia.
Irving Babbitt August 2, — July 15, was an American academic and literary critic, noted for his founding role in a movement that became known as the New Humanism, a significant influence on literary discussion and conservative thought in the period between and Humanism and Is God Dead? Isaac Asimov January 2, — April 6, was an American writer and professor of biochemistry at Boston University.
Four distinct awards have been named for writer, chemist, and humanist Isaac Asimov. The history of Islamic Principlism in Iran covers the history of Islamic revivalism and the rise of political Islam in modern Iran. Included are prominent authors who have made studies concerning Islam, the religion and its civilization, and the culture of Muslim peoples.
Israel Jacob Kligler 24 April — 23 September was a microbiologist. Israel Himmelstaub, 28 April — 2 July was an Israeli professor of organic chemistry, at Hebrew University of Jerusalem, a Holocaust survivor, a public intellectual of Liberal political bent, and a civil-rights advocate and activist on behalf of Jew and gentile. Italian literature is written in the Italian language, particularly within Italy. Italy over the ages has had a vast influence on Western philosophy, beginning with the Greeks and Romans, and going onto Renaissance humanism, the Age of Enlightenment and modern philosophy.
The Italian Renaissance Rinascimento was the earliest manifestation of the general European Renaissance, a period of great cultural change and achievement that began in Italy during the 14th century Trecento and lasted until the 17th century Seicento , marking the transition between Medieval and Modern Europe. Italian Renaissance painting is the painting of the period beginning in the late 13th century and flourishing from the early 15th to late 16th centuries, occurring in the Italian peninsula, which was at that time divided into many political areas.
The history of the Italian peninsula during the medieval period can be roughly defined as the time between the collapse of the Western Roman Empire and the Italian Renaissance. Jacques Ellul January 6, — May 19, was a French philosopher, sociologist, lay theologian, and professor who was a noted Christian anarchist. Jacques Pelletier du Mans, also spelled Peletier, in Latin: Peletarius, — was a humanist, poet and mathematician of the French Renaissance. James Crichton, known as the Admirable Crichton 19 August — 3 July , was a Scottish polymath noted for his extraordinary accomplishments in languages, the arts, and sciences before he was murdered at the age of James Morrow born March 17, is an American novelist and short-story writer known for filtering large philosophical and theological questions through his satiric sensibility.
Humanism and James K.
Jan Blahoslav 20 February — 24 November was a Czech humanistic writer, poet, translator, etymologist, hymnographer, grammarian, music theorist and composer. Jan Bucquoy born 16 November is an anarchist and author-filmmaker born in Harelbeke, Belgium who started as a theatre practitioner and who worked as a cartoon-scriptwriter. Jan Kochanowski — 22 August was a Polish Renaissance poet who established poetic patterns that would become integral to the Polish literary language. Jan van Eyck before c. Representative for California's 2nd congressional district since Jaya Prithvi Bahadur Singh 21 August — 15 October , was a humanist, peace advocate, writer and social activist from Nepal.
- Scattered Pictures: Reflections of An American Muslim.
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Jean Bodin — was a French jurist and political philosopher, member of the Parlement of Paris and professor of law in Toulouse. Jean Brodie is a fictional character in the Muriel Spark novel The Prime of Miss Jean Brodie ; and in the play and film of the same name—both by Jay Presson Allen—which were based on the novel, but radically depart from it in the interest of theatre and poetic licence.
Jean Fourton born in Puy-en-Velay, France is a writer, humanist, painter and psychoanalyst. Jean-Dominique "JD" Warnier — was an engineer in the Bull IT group, he developed and disseminated an innovative approach to the study of information systems during the s.
Jerome or Hieronymus Emser March 20, — November 8, , German theologian and antagonist of Luther, was born of a good family at Ulm. Jerry Lamon Falwell Sr. August 11, — May 15, was an American Southern Baptist pastor, televangelist, and conservative activist. Jesse Hauk Shera December 8, — March 8, was an American librarian and information scientist who pioneered the use of information technology in libraries and played a role in the expansion of its use in other areas throughout the s, 60s, and 70s.
Jessica Ahlquist born June 21, is an activist and public speaker who filed a lawsuit in against Cranston High School West, where she was a student, to remove a religious prayer from its auditorium. Jewish culture is the culture of the Jewish people from the formation of the Jewish nation in biblical times through life in the diaspora and the modern state of Israel.
Joachim du Bellay also Joachim Du Bellay;; c. Job Jobus, Iobus Fincelius died was a 16th-century humanist and physician. Jochen Gerz born 4 April in Berlin, Germany is a German conceptual artist who has spent most of his life in France to Joel Augustus Rogers September 6, — March 26, was a Jamaican-American author, journalist, and historian who contributed to the history of Africa and the African diaspora.
Johann Alexander Brassicanus c. Johann Froben, in Latin: Johannes Frobenius and combinations , c. Johann of Schwarzenberg December 25, — October 21, also Johann, Freiherr von Schwarzenberg and Hohenlandsberg was a German moralist and reformer who, as judge of the episcopal court at Bamberg, introduced a new code of evidence which amended the procedure then prevalent in Europe by securing for the accused a more impartial hearing. Johann von Dalberg — was the Prince-Bishop of Worms from to Johann Winter von Andernach — 4 October was a Renaissance physician, university professor, humanist, translator of ancient, mostly medical works, and writer of his own medical, philological and humanities works.
Jan de Spauter Ninove, c. Johannes Nauclerus Naucler, Naukler — May 1, was a 16th-century Swabian historian and humanist. Johannes Schefferus February 2, — March 26, was one of the most important Swedish humanists of his time. Johannes Sleidanus or Sleidan — 31 October was a Luxembourgeois historian and annalist of the Reformation. Johannes Stabius Johann Stab — was an Austrian cartographer of Vienna who developed, around , the heart-shape cordiform projection map later developed further by Johannes Werner. Johannes von Tepl c. John Ankwyll is normally considered to be the first English humanist schoolmaster.
John August Swanson born January 11, is an American visual artist working primarily in the medium of serigraphy, as well as oil, watercolor, acrylic, mixed media, lithography, and etching. John Constantine is a fictional antihero, appearing in comic books published by DC Comics and its alternative imprint Vertigo.
John Nicholas Gray born 17 April is an English political philosopher with interests in analytic philosophy and the history of ideas. Humanism and John H. Dositheos occasionally also known as Nathanael, both meaning "gift of God" was a Samaritan religious leader, founder of a Samaritan sect, often assumed to be a gnostic. Dravidian studies also Dravidology is the academic field devoted to the Dravidian languages, literature and culture. A dream is a succession of images, ideas, emotions, and sensations that usually occur involuntarily in the mind during certain stages of sleep.
Dual-covenant or two-covenant theology is a school of thought in Christianity regarding the relevance of the Hebrew Bible, which Christians call the Old Testament. Dumuzid, later known by the alternate form Tammuz, was the ancient Mesopotamian god of shepherds, who was also the primary consort of the goddess Inanna later known as Ishtar. Old Testament and E. The Eadwine Psalter or Eadwin Psalter is a heavily illuminated 12th-century psalter named after the scribe Eadwine, a monk of Christ Church, Canterbury now Canterbury Cathedral , who was perhaps the "project manager" for the large and exceptional book.
Neither God Nor Man Early Christian art and architecture or Paleochristian art is the art produced by Christians or under Christian patronage from the earliest period of Christianity to, depending on the definition used, sometime between and Early Irish law, also called Brehon law, comprised the statutes which governed everyday life in Early Medieval Ireland. Easter,Traditional names for the feast in English are "Easter Day", as in the Book of Common Prayer, "Easter Sunday", used by James Ussher and Samuel Pepys and plain "Easter", as in books printed in,, also called Pascha Greek, Latin or Resurrection Sunday, is a festival and holiday celebrating the resurrection of Jesus from the dead, described in the New Testament as having occurred on the third day of his burial after his crucifixion by the Romans at Calvary 30 AD.
The controversy over the correct date for Easter began in Early Christianity as early as the 2nd Century A. Discussion and disagreement over the best method of computing the date of Easter Sunday has been ongoing and unresolved for centuries. The Festal Letters or Easter Letters are a series of annual letters by which the Bishops of Alexandria, in conformity with a decision of the First Council of Nicaea, announced the date on which Easter was to be celebrated. Easter Vigil, also called the Paschal Vigil or the Great Vigil of Easter, is a service held in traditional Christian churches as the first official celebration of the Resurrection of Jesus.
Eastern Lightning, which prefers to use the name The Church of Almighty God, is a new religious movement established in China in , to which Chinese governmental sources attribute from three to four million members, although scholars regard these figures as somewhat inflated.
Ebenezer is a village within the Rural Municipality of Orkney No. Old Testament and ECO: Economic antisemitism comprises stereotypes and canards based on the economic status, occupation or economic behavior of Jews. Old Testament and Edgar S. Mary Edmonia Lewis c. July 4, — September 17, was an American sculptor who worked for most of her career in Rome, Italy. Old Testament and Edwin R. Egon Joseph Wellesz Vienna, 21 October — Oxford, 9 November was an Austrian, later British composer, teacher and musicologist, notable particularly in the field of Byzantine music.
El Bagawat, is an ancient Christian cemetery, one of the oldest in the world, which functioned at the Kharga Oasis in southern-central Egypt from the 3rd to the 7th century AD. Election in Christianity involves God choosing a particular person or group of people to a particular task or relationship, especially eternal life.
The Elijah List is a non-denominational Christian prophetic website created by Steve Shultz in with , subscribers as of August Elizabeth Polack was an English playwright of the s, notable for having been described by chroniclers of the period as England's first Jewish woman melodramatist. Ellen White November 26, — July 16, was a prolific author, writing more than 40 books and periodical articles during her lifetime. Old Testament and Ellen G. Emanuel Swedenborg born Emanuel Swedberg; 29 January — 29 March was a Swedish Lutheran theologian, scientist, philosopher, revelator and mystic who inspired Swedenborgianism.
He is best known for his book on the afterlife, Heaven and Hell Swedenborg had a prolific career as an inventor and scientist. In , at 53, he entered into a spiritual phase in which he began to experience dreams and visions, beginning on Easter Weekend, on 6 April It culminated in a 'spiritual awakening' in which he received a revelation that he was appointed by the Lord Jesus Christ to write The Heavenly Doctrine to reform Christianity. According to The Heavenly Doctrine, the Lord had opened Swedenborg's spiritual eyes so that from then on, he could freely visit heaven and hell and talk with angels, demons and other spirits and the Last Judgment had already occurred the year before, in For the last 28 years of his life, Swedenborg wrote 18 published theological works—and several more that were unpublished.
Some followers of The Heavenly Doctrine believe that of his theological works, only those that were published by Swedenborg himself are fully divinely inspired. Sutherland Black, is a critical encyclopedia of the Bible. The end time also called end times, end of time, end of days, last days, final days, or eschaton is a future time-period described variously in the eschatologies of several world religions both Abrahamic and non-Abrahamic , which believe that world events will reach a final climax.
In the theology of the Latter Day Saint movement, an endowment refers to a gift of "power from on high", typically associated with Latter Day Saint temples. The English Hexapla is an edition of the New Testament in Greek, along with what were considered the six most important English language translations in parallel columns underneath, preceded by a detailed history of English translations and translators by S.
Enid Mary Blyton 11 August — 28 November was an English children's writer whose books have been among the world's best-sellers since the s, selling more than million copies. The Metropolitan Museum of Art possesses a collection of items used for the celebration of the Eucharist. An entheogen is a class of psychoactive substances that induce any type of spiritual experience aimed at development. Envy from Latin invidia is an emotion which "occurs when a person lacks another's superior quality, achievement, or possession and either desires it or wishes that the other lacked it".
Eraserhead is a American body horror film written, produced, and directed by David Lynch. Joseph Ernest Renan 28 February — 2 October was a French expert of Semitic languages and civilizations philology , philosopher, historian, and writer, devoted to his native province of Brittany.
Ernst Haas March 2, — September 12, was a photojournalist and a pioneering color photographer. Johann Sebastian Bach composed the church cantata Es wartet alles auf dich Everything waits for You ,, in Leipzig for the seventh Sunday after Trinity and first performed it on 4 August The eschatology of Jehovah's Witnesses is central to their religious beliefs. This article gives an overview of esoteric movements in Germany and Austria between and , presenting Theosophy, Anthroposophy and Ariosophy, among others, against the influences of earlier European esotericism.
Ester Sowernam, English author whose pen name comes from Esther in the Old Testament, who defended her people against Haman. Ethics involves systematizing, defending, and recommending concepts of right and wrong behavior. Ethiopian historiography embodies the ancient, medieval, early modern and modern disciplines of recording the history of Ethiopia, including both native and foreign sources. The Ethnic groups in Armenia is about the ethnic groups features of the population of Armenia. Eugen Drewermann born 20 June is a German church critic, theologian, peace activist and former Roman Catholic priest.
Old Testament and Eugene H. Euhemerism is an approach to the interpretation of mythology in which mythological accounts are presumed to have originated from real historical events or personages. European dragons are legendary creatures in folklore and mythology among the overlapping cultures of Europe. He became the bishop of Caesarea Maritima about AD. Together with Pamphilus, he was a scholar of the Biblical canon and is regarded as an extremely learned Christian of his time. During the Council of Antiochia he was excommunicated for subscribing to the heresy of Arius, and thus withdrawn during the First Council of Nicaea where he accepted that the Homoousion referred to the Logos.
Never recognized as a Saint, he became counselor of Constantine the Great, and with the bishop of Nicomedia he continued to polemicize against Saint Athanasius of Alexandria, Church Fathers, since he was condemned in the First Council of Tyre in The Evangelical Heritage Version EHV is an ongoing as of April but largely complete project to create an accurate, balanced translation of the Bible into the English language.
The Evangelical Lutheran Church of Finland Suomen evankelis-luterilainen kirkko; Evangelisk-lutherska kyrkan i Finland is a national church of Finland. Evening Prayer is a liturgy in use in the Anglican tradition celebrated in the late afternoon or evening. Evil, in a colloquial sense, is the opposite of good, the word being an efficient substitute for the more precise but religion-associated word "wickedness.
Exclusive psalmody is the practice of singing only the biblical Psalms in congregational singing as worship. Gods and Kings is a epic biblical drama film directed by Ridley Scott.
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Old Testament and Exodus: Ezra Stiles December 10, — May 12, was an American academic and educator, a Congregationalist minister, theologian and author. Old Testament and F. Factorum ac dictorum memorabilium libri IX "nine books of memorable deeds and sayings", also known as De factis dictisque memorabilibus or Facta et dicta memorabilia by Valerius Maximus c.
CE 50 was written around CE 30 or Faltonia Betitia Proba c. Fantasy is a genre of speculative fiction set in a fictional universe, often without any locations, events, or people referencing the real world. Faro is a municipality and bishopric, the southernmost city and seat of the district of the same name, in the Algarve region of southern Portugal. The Faroese language conflict is a phase in the history of the Faroe Islands in the first half of the 20th century approx. Fasting is the willing abstinence or reduction from some or all food, drink, or both, for a period of time.
The Federal Vision also called Auburn Avenue Theology is a Reformed Evangelical theological conversation that focuses on covenant theology, Trinitarian thinking, the sacraments of Baptism and Communion, biblical theology and typology, justification, and postmillennialism. The Holy Bible in Modern English, commonly known as the Ferrar Fenton Bible, was an early translation of the Bible into English as spoken and written in the 19th and 20th centuries.
The Fifth Empire Portuguese: Fire and brimstone or, alternatively, brimstone and fire is an idiomatic expression of referring to God's wrath in the Hebrew Bible Old Testament and the New Testament. The Fire-Baptized Holiness Church was a radical holiness Christian denomination in North America and was involved in the early formation of Pentecostalism. The First Book of Nephi: His Reign and Ministry, usually referred to as First Nephi or 1 Nephi, is the first book of the Book of Mormon and one of four books with the name Nephi.
Fish play many roles in human culture, from their economic importance in the fishing industry and fish farming, to recreational fishing, folklore, mythology, religion, art, literature, and film. Flemish literature is literature from Flanders, historically a region comprising parts of present-day Belgium, France and the Netherlands. The Dunaverney flesh-hook Flesh-hook is a term for a variety of archaeological artifacts which have metal hooks and a long handle, or socket for a lost wooden handle. Flipism, sometimes written as "Flippism," is a pseudophilosophy under which all decisions are made by flipping a coin.
Florentine painting or the Florentine School refers to artists in, from, or influenced by the naturalistic style developed in Florence in the 14th century, largely through the efforts of Giotto di Bondone, and in the 15th century the leading school of Western painting. Folklore in the Old Testament: Studies in Comparative Religion, Legend, and Law is a book by Sir James George Frazer, in which the author compares episodes in the Old Testament with similar stories from other cultures in the ancient world. Maundy from the Vulgate of John For Us, The Living: Heinlein, written in but published for the first time in The ancient world lacked standardized practices of forensic science, which aided criminals in escaping punishment.
Foreordination, an important doctrine of The Church of Jesus Christ of Latter-day Saints LDS Church , teaches that during the pre-mortal existence, God selected "foreordained" particular people to fulfill certain missions "callings" during their mortal lives. Form criticism is a method of biblical criticism that classifies units of scripture by literary pattern and then attempts to trace each type to its period of oral transmission.
Foundation is a skin-coloured makeup applied to the face to create an even, uniform colour to the complexion, to cover flaws and, sometimes, to change the natural skintone. Fountain Street Church in Grand Rapids, Michigan, was for a time unique in the United States as being large, religiously liberal and non-denominational in a notably conservative city.
Amos, Hosea, First Isaiah and Micah: A Modern Translation from the Hebrew by J. Francesca Stavrakopoulou born 3 October is a British theologian and broadcaster. Francine Sandra Rivers born is an American author of fiction with Christian themes, including inspirational romance novels. Francis Ian Andersen born 28 July is an Australian scholar in the fields of biblical studies and Hebrew.
Frank Moore Cross, Jr. Franklin Armstrong is a character in the long-running comic strip Peanuts, created by Charles M. Old Testament and Fred E. Frederic Lamond born who also goes under the craft name Robert, is a prominent English wiccan. Frederick William Baller 21 November — 12 August was a British Protestant Christian missionary to China, Chinese linguist, translator, educator and sinologist.
Old Testament and Frederick W. Myanmar has been under the rule of repressive authoritarian military regimes since Friedrich Daniel Ernst Schleiermacher November 21, — February 12, was a German theologian, philosopher, and biblical scholar known for his attempt to reconcile the criticisms of the Enlightenment with traditional Protestant Christianity.
G vs E later retitled Good vs. Evil is an American supernatural comedy-drama television series that had its first season air on USA Network during the summer and autumn of Caird, was an English churchman, theologian, humanitarian, and biblical scholar. Old Testament and G. George Ernest Wright September 5, — August 29, , was a leading Old Testament scholar and biblical archaeologist. Greenberry George Rupert , generally known as G. Rupert, was an American Adventist pastor and writer associated with British Israelism and Dispensationalism.
The Blessed Gabriele Allegra, O. Gaelic medium education G. Old Testament and Gary N. Gary Kilgore North born February is an American paleolibertarian writer, Austrian School economic historian, and leading figure in the Christian Reconstructionist movement.
The gender of God can be viewed as a literal or as an allegorical aspect of a deity. God in Christianity is represented by the Trinity of three hypostases or "persons" described as Father, Son and Holy Spirit. General judgment is the Christian theological concept of a judgment of the dead by nation and as a whole. The Creation and the Flood also called Genesi: La creazione e il diluvio in Italy or The Bible: Genesis in Australia is a television film shot in Morocco, directed by an Italian film director, renowned Ermanno Olmi.
Old Testament and Genesis: Genocide is the deliberate and systematic destruction, in whole or in part, of an ethnic, racial, religious or national group. George Bernard Shaw 26 July — 2 November , known at his insistence simply as Bernard Shaw, was an Irish playwright, critic, polemicist, and political activist. George Davis Herron — was an American clergyman, lecturer, writer, and Christian socialist activist. Old Testament and George D. After graduating at Harvard University in and at Newton Theological Institution in , he was pastor of Baptist churches in Massachusetts at Springfield —77 , Salem —85 , and Newton — George Joye also Joy and c.
Old Testament and George R. George Sandys "sands"; 2 March — March was an English traveller, colonist, and poet. George Townsend — 23 November was an English priest and author. Gerardus Mercator 5 March — 2 December was a 16th-century German-Flemish cartographer, geographer and cosmographer.
German mysticism, sometimes called Dominican mysticism or Rhineland mysticism, was a late medieval Christian mystical movement that was especially prominent within the Dominican order and in Germany. Old Testament and Germany. In folklore, a ghost sometimes known as an apparition, haunt, phantom, poltergeist, shade, specter or spectre, spirit, spook, and wraith is the soul or spirit of a dead person or animal that can appear to the living.
Ghost in the Shell 2: Old Testament and Ghost in the Shell 2: A ghost story may be any piece of fiction, or drama, that includes a ghost, or simply takes as a premise the possibility of ghosts or characters' belief in them. Giants from Latin and Ancient Greek: A gibbet is any instrument of public execution including guillotine, executioner's block, impalement stake, hanging gallows, or related scaffold , but gibbeting refers to the use of a gallows-type structure from which the dead or dying bodies of criminals were hung on public display to deter other existing or potential criminals.
Gideon, a play by Paddy Chayefsky, is a seriocomic treatment of the story of Gideon, a judge in the Old Testament. Gilding is any decorative technique for applying fine gold leaf or powder to solid surfaces such as wood, stone, or metal to give a thin coating of gold. Gilgamesh was a historical king of the Sumerian city-state of Uruk, a major hero in ancient Mesopotamian mythology, and the protagonist of the Epic of Gilgamesh, an epic poem written in Akkadian during the late second millennium BC.
Giovanni de Matociis born probably in the second half of the 13th Century and died in December , commonly called Giovanni Mansionario from his administrative office in the cathedral of Verona, was an early Italian humanist, a forerunner of Petrarch. Giovanni Pico della Mirandola 24 February — 17 November was an Italian Renaissance nobleman and philosopher.
Give Thanks is a live contemporary Christian worship album recorded by American singer and songwriter, Don Moen. Giyorgis of Segla c. Indian Rock in the Village of Montebello, New York A glacial erratic is a piece of rock that differs from the size and type of rock native to the area in which it rests. Gleason Leonard Archer Jr. May 22, — April 27, was a biblical scholar, theologian, educator and author. Old Testament and Gleason Archer Jr. This is a list of words, terms, concepts and slogans of Nazi Germany used in the historiography covering the Nazi regime.
Goan Catholic names and surnames encompass the different types of names and surnames used by the Goan Catholics of Goa. God the Father is a title given to God in various religions, most prominently in Christianity. For about a thousand years, in obedience to interpretations of specific Bible passages, pictorial depictions of God in Western Christianity had been avoided by Christian artists. Old Testament and God: Driver, was an English Orientalist noted for his studies of Semitic languages and Assyriology. Gods of Luxury or G. Gold is a chemical element with symbol Au from aurum and atomic number 79, making it one of the higher atomic number elements that occur naturally.
Gold glass or gold sandwich glass is a luxury form of glass where a decorative design in gold leaf is fused between two layers of glass. Mankind has been fascinated by the golden eagle as early as the beginning of recorded history. The Golden Rule which can be considered a law of reciprocity in some religions is the principle of treating others as one would wish to be treated. Goltzius and the Pelican Company is a historical film by writer-director Peter Greenaway.
Gonorrhea, also spelled gonorrhoea, is a sexually transmitted infection STI caused by the bacterium Neisseria gonorrhoeae. In religion, ethics, philosophy, and psychology "good and evil" is a very common dichotomy. Good Friday is a Christian holiday celebrating the crucifixion of Jesus and his death at Calvary. The Good Friday closure controversy or Good Friday Disagreement refers to the court case which saw publicans in Limerick, Ireland apply to be exempted from the prohibition on selling alcohol on Good Friday of that year.
Good Friday Prayer can refer to any of the prayers prayed by Christians on Good Friday, the Friday before Easter, or to all such prayers collectively. Good News Club is a weekly interdenominational Christian program for 5-toyear-old children featuring a Bible lesson, songs, memory verses, and games. The Gospel of Barnabas is a book depicting the life of Jesus, which claims to be by the biblical Barnabas who in this work is one of the twelve apostles.
The Gospel According to Matthew translit; also called the Gospel of Matthew or simply, Matthew is the first book of the New Testament and one of the three synoptic gospels. Gothic architecture is an architectural style that flourished in Europe during the High and Late Middle Ages. Gothic rock alternately called goth-rock or goth is a style of rock music that emerged from post-punk in the late s. Graeme Goldsworthy born 7 September is an Australian evangelical Anglican theologian specialising in the Old Testament and Biblical theology.
Ogden contributed to the scholary journals through his research and his writings began appearing in The Bible Translator, Journal of Biblical Literature, Journal for the Study of the Old Testament, Vetus Testamentum and other journals. The Grand Master of the Order of Saint Lazarus was the leader of an order of chivalry that was established by the Holy See in the 12th century. The great books are books that are thought to constitute an essential foundation in the literature of Western culture.
The Great Commandment or Greatest Commandment is a name used in the New Testament to describe the first of two commandments cited by Jesus in and. Great Lent, or the Great Fast, Greek: The great uncial codices or four great uncials are the only remaining uncial codices that contain or originally contained the entire text of the Greek Bible Old and New Testament. The Greek Apocalypse of Daniel is a Christian pseudepigraphic text one whose claimed authorship is unfounded attributed to the Biblical Daniel and so associated with the Hebrew Bible Old Testament. Greek literature dates from ancient Greek literature, beginning in BC, to the modern Greek literature of today.
In the modern world, personal names among people of Greek language and culture generally consist of a given name, a patronymic and a family name. A green belt or greenbelt is a policy and land use designation used in land use planning to retain areas of largely undeveloped, wild, or agricultural land surrounding or neighbouring urban areas. Gregg Eugene Harris born November 23, , in Dayton, OH was a figure in the Christian homeschooling movement from through the mids and later served as a teaching elder at Gresham Household of Faith, which was an experiment in local church reform.
Gregorius Matthiae Favorinus ca. Kent born is an Australian academic, film producer, author, and Christian communicator. A grimoire is a textbook of magic, typically including instructions on how to create magical objects like talismans and amulets, how to perform magical spells, charms and divination, and how to summon or invoke supernatural entities such as angels, spirits, and demons.
Groups claiming affiliation with Israelites are groups which claim descent from the ancient Israelites. A guardian angel is an angel that is assigned to protect and guide a particular person, group, kingdom, or country. Guilt is a cognitive or an emotional experience that occurs when a person believes or realizes—accurately or not—that he or she has compromised his or her own standards of conduct or has violated a universal moral standard and bears significant responsibility for that violation.
The Gutenberg Bible also known as the line Bible, the Mazarin Bible or the B42 was the first major book printed using mass-produced movable metal type in Europe. Old Testament and H. Old Testament and Hakka Bible: Hakka, also rendered Kejia, is one of the major groups of varieties of Chinese, spoken natively by the Hakka people throughout southern China, Taiwan, Hong Kong and throughout the diaspora areas of East Asia, Southeast Asia, and in overseas Chinese communities around the world. Hal Duncan born 21 October , real name Alasdair is a Scottish science fiction and fantasy writer.
Hans Knieper alternative names: Hans Vogt 14 May — 19 May was a German composer and conductor. Harding University is a private liberal arts university with its main campus in Searcy, Arkansas and other campuses around the world. Harriet Tubman born Araminta Ross, March 10, was an American abolitionist and political activist.
In Christian theology, the Harrowing of Hell Latin: Descensus Christi ad Inferos, "the descent of Christ into hell" is the triumphant descent of Christ into Hell or Hades between the time of his Crucifixion and his Resurrection when he brought salvation to all of the righteous who had died since the beginning of the world. Hebrew names are names that have a Hebrew language origin, classically from the Hebrew Bible. Hebrew Roots is a religious movement that advocates the return and adherence to the first century walk of faith and obedience to the Torah by seeking a better understanding of the culture, history, and religio-political backdrop of that era which led to the core differences with both the Jewish, and later, the Christian communities.
Hector "Huck" Macpherson, Jr. September 18, — March 21, was an American dairy farmer and politician in the state of Oregon. Old Testament and Hector Macpherson Jr. Freedom From Religion Foundation, U. Old Testament and Hein v. The Helvetic Consensus Formula consensus ecclesiarum Helveticarum is a Swiss Reformed symbol drawn up in to guard against doctrines taught at the French Academy of Saumur, especially Amyraldism. Henry Meschonnic 18 September , Paris — 8 April , Villejuif was a French poet, linguist, essayist and translator. Naphthali ben Levi Henri van Praag September 12, in Amsterdam - November 3, in Hilversum was a Jewish-Dutch educator, philosopher and theologian or religious historian who also became known as a ortho educational therapist and writer and as a publicist at the psychological and parapsychological field.
Henrik Florinus — 12 April , born Henricus Florinus, was a Finnish priest, writer and translator. Henry Adeney Redpath — was an English cleric and biblical scholar. Old Testament and Henry M. Herbert Chappell born is a British conductor, composer and film-maker, best known for his television scores. Hermann Samuel Reimarus 22 December , Hamburg — 1 March , Hamburg , was a German philosopher and writer of the Enlightenment who is remembered for his Deism, the doctrine that human reason can arrive at a knowledge of God and ethics from a study of nature and our own internal reality, thus eliminating the need for religions based on revelation.
Hermann Spieckermann born October 28, in Dortmund is a German biblical scholar, historian of ancient Near Eastern religion, and Protestant theologian. A hermit adjectival form: Herrenhausen Church located in Hanover Germany is a church built in neo-Gothic style and belongs to the Evangelical Lutheran congregation of the Herrenhausen-Leinhausen parish. Hesychius of Jerusalem was a Christian presbyter and exegete, active during the first half of the fifth century. The term "high priest" or "high priestess" usually refers either to an individual who holds the office of ruler-priest, or to one who is the head of a religious caste.
The Foundation for Jewish Campus Life known as Hillel International or Hillel is the largest Jewish campus organization in the world, working with thousands of college students globally. Hiram Abiff also Hiram Abif or the Widow's son is the central character of an allegory presented to all candidates during the third degree in Freemasonry. The historical books are a division in the Christian Old Testament, corresponding to the Former Prophets of the Hebrew Nevi'im and two of the ungrouped books of Ketuvim, together with the Book of Ruth between Judges and Samuel and the Book of Esther after Nehemiah which in the Tanakh are both found in the Five Megillot.
Historical criticism, also known as the historical-critical method or higher criticism, is a branch of criticism that investigates the origins of ancient texts in order to understand "the world behind the text".
The historical reliability of the Gospels refers to the reliability and historic character of the four New Testament gospels as historical documents. Historicism, a method of interpretation in Christian eschatology which associates biblical prophecies with actual historical events and identifies symbolic beings with historical persons or societies, has been applied to the Book of Revelation by many writers. The historicity of Jesus concerns the degree to which sources show Jesus of Nazareth existed as a historical figure. The historicity of the Bible is the question of the Bible's "acceptability as a history," in the words of Thomas L.
Thompson, a scholar who has written widely on this topic as it relates to the Old Testament. Historien der alden E "history of the old covenant" is a Middle High German summary of the Old Testament in verse form. The history of accounting or accountancy is thousands of years old and can be traced to ancient civilizations. The history of antisemitism — defined as hostile actions or discrimination against Jews as a religious or ethnic group — goes back many centuries; antisemitism has been called "the longest hatred". The bow and arrow are known to have been invented by the end of the Upper Paleolithic, and for at least 10, years archery was an important military and hunting skill, and features prominently in the mythologies of many cultures.
The history of bankruptcy law begins with the first legal remedies available for recovery of debts. The history of calendars, that is, of people creating and using methods for keeping track of days and larger divisions of time, covers a practice with very ancient roots. The history of cosmetics spans at least 7, years and is present in almost every society on earth. Christianity has been, historically a Middle Eastern religion with its origin in Judaism. The history of Eastern '''Orthodox Christian''' theology begins with the life of Jesus and the forming of the Christian Church.
For thousands of years, humans have tried to explain and control problematic behavior. The history of Methodism in the United States dates back to the midth Century with the ministries of early Methodist preachers such as Laurence Coughlan and Robert Strawbridge. Knowledge of the biblical period is mostly from literary references in the Bible and post-biblical sources. The history of religion refers to the written record of human religious experiences and ideas. The History of the Captivity in Babylon is a pseudepigraphical text of the Old Testament that supposedly provides omitted details concerning the prophet Jeremiah.
AD 30 , and the Catholic Church is a continuation of the early Christian community established by Jesus. Egyptian Jews constitute both one of the oldest and youngest Jewish communities in the world. The history of Otago in New Zealand tells the story of human settlement of one of the more isolated outliers of the inhabited earth. Under Charles I, the Puritans became a political force as well as a religious tendency in the country.
Consumption, phthisis and the White Plague are all terms used to refer to tuberculosis throughout history.